Is VG 10 steel a good knife steel ? Details VG 10 Steel Review

What’s VG10 Steel?

VG 10 steel is premium steel made in Japan. The steel has met the Gold standards for stainless-steel steel by having the G in its name. This high-carbon steel was designed by the Takefu Special Steel Company in the V line series steels, which includes V1, V2, and V-Toku1 .

Vg10 stainless steel is a popular choice for kitchen knives due to its high rust resistance and edge retention capabilities. It can also be used to make tactical, hunting, and pocket knives. It is used extensively to make chef’s knives in Japan. This stainless steel is used heavily by the Japanese Santoku knives.

This steel is still very popular for professional kitchen knives, as it allows knife makers to make different blade designs during temperament.

VG10 stainless steel composition

  • Carbon 1.05%: Enhances edge retention, hardness, and tensile strengths. It increases steel resistance to wear and abrasion as well as corrosion.
  • Chromium Cro 15.50%: The formation of chromium carbide by Chromium increases the hardness, tensile and toughness the blades. Vg10 is “stainless” when it has a higher than 13% Cr.
  • Molybdenum Mo 1.2%: It increases machinability and hardening properties.
  • Vanadium V 0.3%: It increases wear resistance and toughness as well as corrosion resistance.
  • Cobalt Co 1.50% Increases the hardness and martensitic temperature of the alloy. It also improves the steel’s corrosion resistance.
  • Manganese Mn 0.500%: Increases hardness and brittleness.
  • Phosphorus P 0.033%: Increases hardness and machinability.

VG 10 steel properties

VG10 Steel Hardness

Depending on the heat treatment, VG 10 steel can have a Rockwell hardness between 56 and 60 HRC. Its high hardness comes from its high levels of carbon, vanadium, and cobalt in its composition.

VG-10 knives have a high level of wear resistance and abrasion. Hard carbides are formed by the combination of Vanadium, Molybdenum, and Chromium elements. This increases abrasion resistance.

VG 10 Edge retention

VG10 steel is well-known for its exceptional edge retention. Blades made of VG10 steel are known for their outstanding edge retention.

The VG-10 stainless steel’s edge retention is comparable to other steels like N690 Knife Steel, CPM154 steel, and the CPM 3V knifesteel. However, it is slightly lower than other premium steels such as S45VN knife Steel.

VG10 Toughness

Don’t assume that a knife must be hard because it is tough. Blade steels are difficult to attain and have different properties. Toughness is the knife’s ability to withstand impact and other tough applications that could otherwise cause it to break or chip.

Steel’s rule of thumb is that harder steels are more tough than weaker ones. However, VG10 knife stainless steel has a good level of toughness despite its high hardness. 60 HRC VG10 steel is tougher than many knife steels. It is comparable to Elmax Knife Steel in terms of toughness.

VG10 Steel Corrosion resistance

The VG-10 steel composition contains high levels of chromium, making it rust-resistant but also not rustproof. Your knife can be used in marine, humid and wet environments without fear of rusting.

To keep your knife rust-free, you need to take care of it by wiping it dry and washing it after each use.

Sharpening with VG 10 Steel

Despite its wear resistance, VG-10 stainless steel can be sharpened easily. This steel’s chemical composition is balanced to provide a high level of hardness and not make it difficult for sharpening.

This Japanese steel is able to maintain a sharp edge thanks to vanadium carbides, which are formed during the steel’s formation. The knife is very easy to sharpen and maintains its edge for a long time.

VG 10 steel equivalent

Za-18 stainless Steel by Aichi Steel Corp HTML3_. Za-18 steel was designed to be a direct competitor for VG10 stainless. Although it has an improved alloy composition, their performance is nearly identical.

VG10 vs. D2

VG10 steel is stainless steel that contains about 15% chromium in its alloy composition, while D2 steel is non-stainless steel that has 12% chromium in its alloy composition. In terms of corrosion resistance, VG10 knife steel is more resistant than D2 knife Steel.

VG-10 steel has a Rockwell hardness 60 HRC and is more durable than D2 Steel. VG10 steel is more suitable for tough applications than D2 steel because it is less susceptible to chipping or cracking at the edges.

D2 knifesteel is a high-carbon steel. It has a higher Rockwell toughness than VG 10, and contains more carbon. D2 steel is more durable than VG 10 steel when it comes to edge retention and wear resistance. A D2 knife will retain its edge for longer than a VG10 knife.

440C vs. VG10

VG-10 steel contains Vanadium and Cobalt elements. It is stronger than AISI 440C Steel and has a better wear resistance.

Both VG-10 and 440C steel have the same edge retention and corrosion resistance. Both VG-10 steel and 440C steel offer the same level of corrosion resistance and edge retention.

VG10 vs. S30V

S30V steel, a powder metallurgy metal steel, has a better alloy composition and performs better than VG 10 steel. It has a higher carbon content of 1.45% than VG 10 steel’s 1.05%. It has a higher Rockwell hardness, wear resistance, and edge retention than VG 10 Steel.

The Crucible Metallurgy production process produces a finer microstructure and uniform distribution of carbides. This greatly enhances the toughness of S30V knife steel over conventionally produced steels like Japanese VG 10 steel.

In terms of corrosion resistance, a S30V steel blade will be most similar to a VG-10 stainless steel blade. You will find them both in pocket knives and everyday carry (EDCs), which offer the same level corrosion resistance.

VG 10 vs VG1

Both steels are made in Japan. However, they can’t be used to replace the other. VG10 premium steel is of a higher quality than VG1. A VG-10 knife will have better properties that a VG-1 steel knife, which is more susceptible to chipping.

Is VG10 good for knives?

Yes! Yes! It is resistant to corrosion, sharpens easily and can hold an edge for a long period of time. VG10 blade steel is affordable for its quality.

Bladesmiths have an added benefit: VG-10 steel allows them to create custom designs. Damascus Vg10 knife steel is stronger because of the overlapping multiple steels. Damascus blades are hardly bendable and are hard to break.

Is VG10 Stainless?

VG10 stainless steel contains 14.5% to 15.5% chromium in its alloy composition. It also has Molybdenum elements of 1.2%, which increases its corrosion resistance.

VG 10 blade steel is more resistant to corrosion than other stainless steels on the market, at least as good as CPM S30V or AISI 440C stainless.

Is VG10 Damascus steel good?

VG 10 Damascus Steel is a good knife steel because of its outstanding corrosion resistance, edge retention, and decent toughness. The attractive Damascus Pattern in VG10 Damascus is a bonus, especially for knives that are used as pocket knives or kitchen knives. The blade’s toughness may be increased by using VG 10 Damascus as a layer.


VG-10 steel knife options are the best choice if you’re looking for a high-quality Japanese knife, survival knife or kitchen knife. VG-10 blade steel has the hardness and corrosion resistance of stainless, but is harder than carbon steel.

VG-10 knives are more expensive than other steels, but the performance and quality you get will be well worth it.

It is cutlery-grade stainless steel at an affordable price. VG 10 is worthy to be called the gold standard for clad steel.

About the author

Hi, my name is Jaba Ray. I'm a knife expert and researcher. I am the creator of, your one-stop site for everything related to knives. I love people who need suitable steel or knife for their cook because I'm also a food lover. I work with a team of people who've always had a passion for knives and blades on this site.

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