What is T10 steel?
T10 steel is a high-speed tool steel made from carbon and Tungsten. Tungsten is represented by the T10 in its name, and 10 represents the carbon content which is 1.0%. T10 Carbon steel, which is Tungsten-based is high-speed steel.
High speed steels are extremely effective in cutting tools, because of their excellent strength, heat resistance and durability.
T10 steel, which is tool steel, is used to make drill bits, power saws and swords. Let’s now look at the specific properties of T10 Steel.
T10 Steel Composition
- Carbon 1.10%: Enhances edge retention, hardness and tensile strengths. It increases steel resistance to wear and abrasion as well as corrosion.
- Tungsten W 0.15 : Used as an alloying component due to its high melting temperature, which improves the performance of steel at high heat.
- Chrome Cr 0.15: Formation of Chromium carides. This increases the blade’s hardness and tensile strength as well as corrosion resistance.
- Vanadium V 0.1%: This prevents grain growth in high-temperature processing and heat treatments, which increases the steel’s strength and toughness. It forms carbides, which increase wear resistance.
- Molybdenum Mo 0.1%: Increases toughness and heat hardness. It increases hardenability and forms carbides that can be used to resist wear.
- Phosphorous P 0.022%: Although considered an impurity, it may increase the strength and improve the machinability steel.
- Manganese Mn 0.4%: Increases steel’s strength and hardness. The steel’s hardenability can be improved by adding more manganese to it after it has been heat-treated.
- Silicon Si 0.1%: Increases strength, heat resistance.
- Sulfur S 0.022%: This improves machinability, but it is considered an impurity when used in large quantities.
Properties of T10 Steel
T10 Steel Hardness
According to the Rockwell hardness scale, T10 carbon steel can reach a hardness of 67HRC. The manufacturer may vary the hardness depending on the heat treatment. 64–67HRC is a good hardness that gives steel high abrasion resistance as well as edge retention properties.
Tempering will greatly enhance the T10 tool steel’s performance. T10 steel blades made from Japanese clay-tempered T10 steel will have a great balance of edge retention and toughness.
T10 Steel Corrosion Resistance
T10 steel is not a stainless steel and blades made of it are susceptible to rusting or corrosion. This can be managed with proper care. After use, be sure to dry and clean T10 blades.
Apply oil to the blade if you plan on keeping it in storage for a long time. The oil acts as an oil and prevents the blade’s surface from oxidation.
Retention of T10 Steel Edge
T10 steel’s high carbon content makes it very sharp. It also keeps its edge sharp for a long period of time. A mixture of manganese and carbon contributes to its excellent edge retention properties.
Proper heat treatment is key to ensuring edge retention for sword makers. The good news about T10 steel is that it can withstand extreme temperatures so you can go as high and as you want.
Wear resistance for T10 steel
T10 steel also has wear and abrasion resistance due to its Tungsten content. T10 blades resist scratches and last for generations. T10 blades can withstand outdoor abuse.
T10 steel toughness
Hard steel is known for its low toughness. Katanas made from T10 carbon steel are resistant to breaking or chipping.
Katanas require this kind of strength and toughness because they can be used on the battlefield to smash through armor and bones. Katanas made from weak steel will fail in the first attempt.
Sharpening T10 steel is easy
T10 steel is a hard steel that can withstand extreme wear and can be difficult to sharpen. This does not mean that you can’t get a sharp edge again. However, it will require more effort and time. With the right tools and skills, you can eventually achieve a sharp edge.
T10 steel comparison
T10 steel vs 1095 steel
T10 steel has a composition that is very similar to 1095 steel. T10 has 1.0% carbon and 1095 has 0.95%. T10 steel can be harder than 1095 steel due to its slightly higher carbon content.
Usually, 1095 carbon steel will reach 64 HRC at the high end. T10 tool steel will reach 67 HRC at the high end. T10 steel is more hard than 1095 steel, which allows it to retain edges better and resist wear.
1095 steel is more durable than T10 steel. It also has a greater tolerance for impact and better stress-related performance. A blade made from 1095 steel will not break or chip in tough applications as opposed to a blade made of T10 tool-steel.
Because it has fewer wear resistant carbides, a 1095 carbon steel blade is easier to sharpen. T10 steel is made of hard carbides of chrome and other elements. They are extremely wear-resistant and can make it difficult to sharpen.
T10 Steel vs 1060 steel
1060 steel is a low-alloy steel with 0.6% carbon, while T10 steel has about 1.1% carbon in its alloy composition. T10 steel can also be enriched with vanadium and tungsten, allowing for the formation of hardwear-resistant carbides.
These chemical elements enable T10 steel to attain a higher Rockwell hardness than 1060 carbon steel. T10 tool steel can achieve a higher Rockwell hardness than 1060 steel, which allows for better edge retention.
The 1060 steel offers you a greater toughness than T10 steel because of its lower hardness. A blade made of 1060 steel will be more resistant to impact and chipping than a blade made from T10 carbon steel. You can increase the toughness of 9260 Spring Steel. This is a similar variant to 1060 but with more silicon.
It will be easier to sharpen a 1060 carbon steel blade than a T10 steel blade. T10 alloy steel contains hard wear resistant carbides that can be difficult to sharpen, but will keep an edge for a long time.
The T10 tool steel has a lower corrosion rate than 1060 steel because it contains less chromium and nickel. T10 steel blades will resist rusting more than 1060 steel.
T10 steel vs Damascus Steel
The original Damascus wootz-steel Damascus is no more available. Instead, the most popular Damascus steel is the patterned Damascus. The performance of patterned Damascus steel depends heavily on the quality of the steel used to forge it.
Damascus blades are not always better than T10 blades. One example is the Patterned Damascus 1060 with 1045 carbon. This Damascus will have a higher toughness because of its low hardness, but it is not as durable as T10 tool steel for edge retention and corrosion resistance.
Is T10 good steel for Katanas?
T10 tool steel is one of the most useful steels for making Katanas. It is sharp due to its high carbon content. The alloy’s tungsten elements give it great wear resistance, durability and strength. However, T10 tools steel cannot be made from stainless steel and requires care to prevent rust.
Is T10 steel suitable for swords?
T10 tool steel can be used to make swords. It has a higher Rockwell hardness of up 67 HRC and a balanced amount of toughness because of the tungsten in the alloy composition. T10 sword blades are extremely hardy and can withstand wear.
T10 carbon steel, however, is not stainless steel. The T10 sword blade can corrode and rust if it’s left in a moist environment or not properly cleaned after use.